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Editorial Guideline - African Journal of Business and Economic Research (AJBER)

Aims and Scope

African Journal of Business and Economic Research (AJBER) is a triennial, double blind refereed, high quality international journal that provides a forum for the publication of articles from academics, business practitioners, and policy makers. The journal, which has been published consistently since 2006 aims to advance both theoretical and empirical research, inform policies and practices, and improve understanding of how economic and business decisions shape the lives of Africans. The journal accepts papers that may have a continental, regional or country focus. It is also envisaged that occasional special issues of AJBER will be devoted to thematic topics or to sub-regions or countries. AJBER is indexed by SABINET, EBSCO, ProQuest, ABDC, CABELL and J-Gate. The journal is accredited by IBSS and SCOPUS. AJBER will become a quarterly from 2019.

Instructions to Authors
Ethics in publishing: Authors should observe high standards with respect to publication ethics as set out by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Falsification of data, plagiarism, including duplicate publication of the author's own work, in whole or in part without propercitation is a serious offence, will not be accepted. From January 2019, all articles submitted to the journal will be run through anti-plagiarism tests
ONE copy of the manuscript with a separate cover page showing full author names, institutional affiliation, contact number and email address should be sent to the editor, through info@adonis-abbey.com. Your submission will be acknowledged electronically within 24 hours provided it is received on a working day.

The Reviewing Process
All submissions to the journal are initially reviewed by the Editor and, if it is judged suitable for this journal, it is then sent to two independent reviewers. Based on their recommendations, the Editor then decides whether the paper should be accepted as it is, revised or rejected. In order to facilitate processing of submissions, please make sure that you:
1. Attach a separate cover page with title of the manuscript, the author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s), including email address.
2. Include only the title page on the first page of the manuscript in order to maintain anonymity.
3. Formatting requirements: While there are no strict formatting requirements, all manuscripts must include an Abstract of not more than150 words, Keywords, Introduction, Literature Review, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Notes, and References - in a double-spaced format, allowing a one-inch margin on all sides. Please keep notes at a minimum. The manuscript should not exceed 6000 words.
4. Figures and tables: Please ensure that the figures and the tables are inserted next to the relevant text in the manuscript where they are cited, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file. 
5. References: References to other publications should be complete and should contain full bibliographical details. Please use the Harvard system of referencing. For multiple citations in the same year use a, b, c immediately following the year of publication. References should be shown within the text by giving the author's last name followed by a comma and year of publication all in round brackets, e.g. (Kuada, 1994). The following examples illustrate the style of referencing used in the journal:
(a) Books: Surname, initials and year of publication, title, publisher, place of publication, e.g. Kuada, J.(1994), Managerial Behaviour in Ghana and Kenya – A Cultural Perspective, (Aalborg, Aalborg University Press, ). Please, note that the title of books must be in italics.
(b) Chapter in edited book: surname, initials and year, "title", editor's surname, initials, title, publisher, place, pages, e.g. Whitley, R. (2001), “Developing Capitalism: The Comparative Analysis of Emerging Business Systems” in Jacobsen, G. and Torp, J.E. (Eds.) Understanding Business Systems in Developing Countries, (New Delhi, Sage). pp:25-41. Please, note that the title of the book must be in italics.
(c) Articles: Surname, initials, year "title", journal, volume, number, pages, e.g. Kuada, J. (2002),“Collaboration between developed and developing country-based firms: Danish-Ghanaian experience” Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing,  Vol. 17 No. 6 pp: 538-557. Please, note that the title of the journal must be in italics. If there is more than one author to a paper, please list all authors with their surnames followed by initials.
6. Resubmissions: Where a paper has been accepted subject to certain corrections being effected, the author(s), should, on returning the corrected paper, detail in a separate page how the suggested corrections have been addressed in the paper. Failure to provide this, the journal may decline to publish such a paper.

7. Articles accepted for publication by Journal Editors/Guest Editors must be accompanied by the Review Form which details comments on the article by the reviewer(s). This is not aimed at micromanaging anyone but for record keeping and to ensure that requisite standards are maintained. We may decline to publish any accepted article not accompanied by a Review Form.

Publication fees

Effective from September 1 2018, the African Journal of Business and Economic Research is introducing a publication fee of £250 for all accepted manuscripts.
The motivation for this change is to raise revenue to cover increased costs of running the journal. Note that up to 50 per cent discount can, on the recommendation of the editor, be offered to individuals, especially those from sub-Saharan African countries who cannot afford to pay the publication fee. As part of the publication fee, a print copy of the journal will be sent by ordinary post to the author or to the lead author in cases of multi-authored articles. Authors who want additional print copies will have to pay for the courier cost.
8. All manuscripts must be spell and grammar checked by a professional English language editor. Authors are encouraged to attach evidence of professional proofreading/editing when submitting their papers. The journal reserves the right to refuse to publish an article if it deems the paper poorly proofread for language and grammar. Should authors want the journal to do the proofreading for them; this will be at an additional cost of £100.

Subscription Price

Starting from 2019, subscriptions will be only for the print version. Online subscription can take place via SABINET, which subscribes by IP addresses. Previous subscriptions that included online access (by password) will remain valid. For online subscriptions, kindly contact SABINET at:  info@sabinet.co.za

The annual subscription Price for African Journal of Business & Economic Research (AJBER) is GBP180 for institutions and GBP150 for individuals
For loose copy sale (excluding postage and packaging), the price is GBP45.

Special Issues and Supplements
Inquiries by conference organisers on publishing special issues or supplements in the journal shall be directed to the journal’s editor Dr Phocenah Nyatanga through info@adonis-abbey.com, who will evaluate and determine whether the articles will fit well into the objectives and scope of the journal.

Where the editor decides that the papers from such a conference will fit into the aims, objectives and scope of the journal, the editor  shall be in the editorial board that selects the final papers – to ensure that the journal’s standards are upheld. 

Publication of special issues is subject to the terms and conditions agreed between the journal and the requesting institution.
1. Ethics Policy: The publication of an article in the African Journal of Business and Economic Research (AJBER) is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and their respective institutional affiliations. Peer-reviewed articles need to meet minimum standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved in the act of publishing: notably the author(s), journal editor, peer reviewer(s), publisher and the wider society amongst other stakeholders. Manuscripts in breach of these thresholds would be subject to retraction even after publication. AJBER’s ethical policy follows the guidelines of COPE (Committee of Publication Ethics). We are particular about unethical submission practices on the part of authors (see section 1.1); breach of publishing agreement (section 1.2); and any conflict of interest on the part of both authors and reviewers (section 1.3).
1.1 Submission Policy: Submission of an article implies that it has not been previously published (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis); is not under consideration for publication elsewhere (i.e. multiple submissions); its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out; and, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck or alternative tools.
1.2 Journal Publishing Agreement and Copyrights: Upon acceptance of a manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a return a signed Journal Publishing Agreement Download Template Here. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with the attached Journal Publishing Agreement. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for any distribution outside the institution, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. 
1.3 Declaration of interest: All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. Failure to comply with these terms and conditions may result in a retraction (see section 2).
2. Retraction/ Correction Policy: Authors are expected to carefully list  the order of authors prior to any manuscript submissions. Any additions, deletion or rearrangement of authorship should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request any such changes, the Editor must receive, from the corresponding author, clear justifications for: (a) the reason for the change in author list, and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
3. ARCHIVING POLICY: In the unlikely event that AJBER ceases publishing, all previous volumes and issues would be archived by Sabinet – see the Official website at: http://reference.sabinet.co.za/sa_epublication/aa_ajber

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