University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Social Sciences, KawZulu-Natal, South Africa
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The Sirte Declaration set the primary goal of the African Union (AU) as “accelerating the process of integration in the continent to enable it to play its rightful role in global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalization.” Thus, one of the objectives of the African Union is to “achieve greater unity and solidarity between African countries and the peoples of Africa” (African Union, no date). However, the goal is not simply to have a united Africa, but an Africa that has a shared vision.
The Akans of West Africa have a saying that “Crisis is the occasion of proverbs” (Sekyi-Otu, no date). Crisis challenges us to think of alternative ways of dealing with our conditions. Cri............
Political leaders accumulate and distribute power, resources, access and influence in a state. As African countries democratised in the recent past, new leaders and different styles of leadership emerged. In some instances, references were made of a leadership Renaissance on the continent. Despite these democratic gains, some political leaders have been able to maintain and further entrench their positions whilst establishing vast neo-patrimonial networks. This, and instances of electoral authoritarianism, question the quality of democracy on the continent, and, therefore, also the socio-economic development of their societies.
Apart from formal political leaders such as Presidents, Prime Ministers and Kings, informal political leaders are also active political actors in Africa. Leaders of militias, rebel groups and other nongovernmental organisations wield considerable political power in some African states. It is again............
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