Journal of Nation-building & Policy Studies (JoNPS) Volume 2, Number 2, December 2018 Editor: Dr. Mouzayian Khalil-Babatunde
About This Edition
ISSN : SSN 2516-3132(Online)
ISBN : 2516-3124(Print)
Table of Contents :
An Assessment of Population Management Policies and Implications for Nation-building in Nigeria. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-3132/2018/v2n2a1 Nnanwube Ebere Florence and Kelechi Johnmary Ani5
This study examined the Nigerian population policies of 1988 and 2004. Using qualitative method, the study found that those population policies have progressively failed due to a wide range of factors, which includes cultural and religious factors as well as the adoption of a mono-cultural approach for the policy, in a multi-ethnic country as Nigeria. The researchers further identified other reasons that weakened the policies to include lack of trust in the Nigerian government by the masses, incompetence on the part of the population agencies and widespread corruption amongst public and civil servants who misappropriate public funds. The researchers further argue that adopting a multi-cultural approach will not make the policies become effective either due to engrained religious and cultural values of certain Nigerians. It was hence recommended that the government and private agencies should partner to tackle social issues impeding on human development in the country such as poverty, child marriage, debilitating educational system, illiteracy and poor economic growth as a way of improving population management. The authors maintain that tackling these issues will indirectly yield the desired effects on population checks as people will become better informed and committed towards population management in their families.
Constitutionalism and the Entrenchment of Local Autonomy in Nigerian Federalism: Delta State as Case Study (1999-2017). DOI: https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-3132/2018/v2n2a2 Okudolo, Ikemefuna Taire Paul, Kifordu, Anyibuofu Anthony and Chukwuma Chukwudumebi23
Concerns over autonomy of local governments and the outcomes of intergovernmental relations at the state level in Nigerian federalism was the thrust of this study. The place of independent-minded local governments that can effectively provide social amenities within their jurisdictions cannot be underestimated in nation-building, especially of federalisms. Using a qualitative content-analysis approach on desk research data, this study notes the near absence of constitutionalism and rule of law in the state-local intergovernmental relations in Delta State vis Nigeria within the period under review. The study was delimited Delta State. This is because the situation of local autonomy, which derives from intergovernmental relations as defined by the 1999 Constitution in one state of Nigeria, can be used to generalise for the entire federation. It found that the context of constitutionalism in the governmental relations at the state level in Nigeria generally is worsened by the letters and language of the 1999 Constitution, which grants overbearing powers to the state governments in the relationships. The study argues that the problem of nation-building in Nigeria flows from the suppression of local autonomy by state-based political and bureaucratic institutions particularly. It found that there was absence of constitutionalism and the rule of law in the intergovernmental relationships in Delta State and that the state’s local governments did not enjoy fiscal, political and functional autonomy from the various state ruling regimes. The study noted the wilful usurpation of some exclusive local government functions as specified in the Fourth Schedule of the 1999 Constitution with high revenue generation potential by the different Delta State’s regimes also. It recommended amongst others the review of Section 7(1) of the 1999 Constitution and amendments in the fiscal, functional, economic planning and political decentralisation spheres in the inter-government relationships in Delta State vis Nigeria.
Paradox of Road Safety and Security Policy Implementation: Assessing the Implications for Human Security and Nation-building in Nigeria. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-3132/2018/v2n2a3 Oko Otu, Chukwuemeka Nnachi and Ani, Kelechi Johnmary 45
Road transportation is one of the most prevalent and widely used means of transportation in Nigeria. This paper examines how corruption by security and safety officer’s through the abuse of roadblocks and checkpoints and the get rich quick syndrome of commuters precipitate a compromise of road safety policies leading to implementation paradox and insecurity in the Nigerian road transport system. The paper traced the origin of these phenomena to the era of colonialism and the end of the Nigerian Civil War with the attendant socio-economic hardship of the period and observed that although with increased construction of roads, street lights and traffic control systems; human insecurity in road transportation has increased tremendously. The exercise of overloading vehicles with goods and passengers, speed driving, undue taxation by transport unions and collection of bribe by armed uniform officers are contentious issues which confronts road transportation in Nigeria as identified in this study. The paper contends that this pervasive trend shows an implementation paradox of road safety and security legislations and portends pernicious implications to the development of efficient and effective road transport system, national development and nation building. The nation-building effects threaten human security and enhances national corruption index, due to the unprofessional activities of motorists and road safety officials. The study adopts historical methodology using primary and secondary evidence to establish facts
The Role of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in Nation-building. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-3132/2018/v2n2a4 Maryam Mohammed Jungudo63
Nation-building is a crucial project that requires the services of many actors to achieve. It embodies such elements as national integration, poverty reduction through employment generation, robust economic development through industrialisation, as well as infrastructural revolution through good governance. The actors involved in it have different and very important roles to play. Fortunately, over the years in the Nile River Basin, the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) an intergovernmental partnership of Nile Basin countries, aims to ensure that Nile Basin countries work together to unlock the huge potential in order to bring a vast range of benefits to Nile Basin citizens including increased hydropower, food production, improved management of watersheds and better access to water for domestic use, among others. Against this backdrop, the paper asked: what roles did the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) played in the overall project of nation-building in the Nile River Basin? Using Ethiopia as a case of study, this paper discovered that the NBI programs have contributed immensely towards nation building, which generated a swathe of shared benefits, transforming lives in Ethiopia.
Forgone Alternative: The Cost of Not Preventing Violent Conflicts in Nigeria. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-3132/2018/v2n2a5 Chijioke F. Onyebukwa and Henry C. Edeh75
Not Too Young To Run’ Law: Intentions And Implications On Nigeria’s Political System. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-3132/2018/v2n2a6 Chijioke Francis Onyebukwa83