Published Since: 2004 Publishing Discontinued: The journal is published regularly Publication Frequency: Quarterly. AR is one of the longest surviving social science journals published by Africans.It is currently indexed at EBSCO, J-Gate, ProQuest, Sabinet and accredited by IBSS and SCOPUS.
Electoral Violence and Post-Electoral Arrangements in Africa
Issaka K. Souaré (Guest Editor)
Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria
The end of the Cold War and big power rivalries in the late 1980s coincided with and/or contributed to the restoration or establishment of multiparty systems in most of Africa in what has been termed ‘third wave of democratisation’. This saw an opening up of political space and the formation or resurrection of opposition political parties in the region. Almost all the African countries south of the Sahara adopted new constitutions that reflected these developments, including the principle of regular legislative/parliamentary and presidential elections. As a result, many long-serving rulers have left power or been defeated at the polls (Diamond, 2007).
But the violence that ensued the proclamation of an apparently peaceful presidential poll in Kenya in December 2007 and the circumstances that ............
Contending images of Africa
In the last edition of the journal issue, we focused on the quality of leadership in the continent, looking at the challenges, triumphs and emerging trends in the continent. In this issue we look at the contending images of Africa, in the press and in the popular imaginations.
Marcel Kitissou discusses a number of arenas and stories to illustrate this contending image. He notes for instance that while there were calls both from inside and outside Liberia for the former war lord Charles Taylor to be brought to justice, many West African leaders saw his indictment by the international court of justice as being of little help to Liberia. Their argument was that since Charles Taylor’s supporters had not disarmed, handing Taylor over to the court could trigger widespread violence, which would defeat the entire aim of his trial because for justice to be implemented, a sustainable peace was needed. He argues that ............
From the Editor
Leadership in Africa: Trends, Triumphs and Challenges
Guest Editor: Gerrie Swart
(Gerrie Swart, a lecturer in the Department of Political Sciences at the University of South Africa, (UNISA) is the Guest Editor of this volume. Gerrie, who has been a frequent contributor to the journal in the last year and half, solicited and ensured a timely delivery of all the articles in the lead theme in this edition. We are deeply grateful to him.)
In Volume 4, numbers 3&4 of the journal, we discussed the major challenges to the democracy project in Africa, using South Africa, Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Somalia as case studies. We posed some key questions: Are the current efforts at instituting liberal democracy and its ethos in Africa sustainable? What are the challenges facing the democracy project in Africa? How are they being negotiated? And what are the implications of all these for the fate of the democracy pr............
In Volume 4 No 2 2007 edition of the journal, we focused on the Democratic Republic of Congo, often referred to as the DRC, and formerly known variously as the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, The Congo, Congo/Leopoldville, Congo/Kinshasa and Zaire. The DRC is a country rent by ethnic strife and civil war since 1994, culminating in the First Congo War that toppled Mobutu in 1997. We noted that since 1998, the country has suffered greatly from the impacts of the devastating Second Congo War (sometimes referred to as the African World War), and believed to be the world's deadliest conflict since World War II. Contributors to the issue discussed these conflicts, efforts at mediation, and current talks of post conflict reconstructions.
In this issue we discuss the major challenges to the democracy project in Africa, using South Africa, Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Somalia as case studies. We pose a central question: Are the current efforts at institut............
In the last issue of the journal (Volume 4, No1, 1st Quarter 2007), we focused on the Horn of Africa. We looked at the region, the problems of conflicts, dictatorships, wars, weapon proliferation, identity, and development trajectory. We asked some key questions: What political agendas, if any, do the competing historical narratives of ethnic identities serve in the region? How has the Cold War era super power rivalry affected the political configuration in the region? And how have all these affected the form of development thoughts, and development forms in the region?
In this issue, we focus on the Democratic Republic of Congo, often referred to as the DRC, and formerly known variously as the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, The Congo, Congo/Leopoldville, Congo/Kinshasa and Zaire. The DRC is a country rent by ethnic strife and civil war since 1994, culminating in the First Congo War that toppled Mobutu in 1997. Since 1998, the country has suffered greatl............
From the Editor/Publisher
In the November/December 2006 issue of the journal, we focused on African culture and philosophy and their possible relationship with the current crises of governance and development in the continent. We posed a number of crucial questions: Are the current crises of governance and development in the continent facilitated by African culture and philosophy of life? Or are they the result of lack of, or insufficient incorporation of these into the models of development and governance imported into the continent from outside? Are these largely imported models of governance and development culturally and philosophically neutral?
In this edition, we focus on the Horn of Africa- (also known as Northeast Africa or the Somali Peninsula)) - a peninsula of East Africa that juts for hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea, and comprising Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea and Djibouti. While the lead theme is on the Horn o............
From the Publisher
In the September/October 2006 issue of the journal, we focused on Somalia, a failed state, and posed number fundamental questions: why did Somalia fail as a state Should the failed state be reconstituted as one nation or should different nations be allowed to emerge from the ashes of the collapsed state What are the challenges facing the state reconstitution efforts And what are the implications of all these for the current democracy and development projects in Africa
In this issue we focus on African culture/philosophy and its possible relationship with the current crises of governance and development in the continent. While we are aware of the limitations of a unicausal mode of analysis, we nonetheless feel that the issue of African culture/ philosophy has not been given adequate attention in the analyses of the current crises in which the continent is enmeshed. Our interest is to find answers to some crucial questions: Are the current crise............
From the Editor/Publisher
Jideofor Adibe, PhD
We devoted the July/August 2006 issue of the journal exclusively to exploring the challenges and opportunities of healthcare delivery in Africa. The contributions raised significant questions on all aspects of healthcare delivery in Africa, and in many instances provided stimulating answers and recommendations for policymakers and healthcare practitioners in the continent to build on.
In this edition, we return to our usual format of having a lead theme and a number of unrelated articles. In the lead theme, we focus on Somalia, a failed state, posing a number of fundamental questions: why did Somalia fail as a state Should the failed state be reconstituted as one nation or should different nations be allowed to emerge from the ashes of the collapsed state What are the challenges facing the state reconstitution efforts And what are the implications of all these for the current democracy and development projects in Africa
Abdinur S. Moham............
From the Editor/Publisher
Jideofor Adibe, PhD
In the May/June 2006 issue of the journal, we focused on the tensions in Africas Borderlands (Sudan, Mauritania, Chad and Mali) and posed a number of fundamental questions: What is the nature of the relations between peoples of Arab and African ancestries in Africa Are the constant tensions in the Borderlands fundamentally a manifestation of conflicts between pan-Africanism and Pan-Arabism Can peoples of African and Arab ancestries ever co-habit peacefully in one country
In this issue we deviate from our usual practice of having a lead theme, and a number of unrelated articles and reviews, and exclusively explore the challenges and opportunities of health care delivery in Africa. Dr Chinua Akukwe, a leading authority on public health, HIV/AIDS, and development issues in Africa, is the guest editor for this special issue. He very ably solicited, edited and arranged the articles in this special edition. We are grateful for the enormous amo............
In the March/April 2006 edition of the journal, we looked at Zimbabwes Robert Mugabe, and noted that though he was for long regarded as one of Africas greatest reconcilers, his regime has become increasingly isolated, especially in the West. We also noted that many Africans and African governments, while not exactly supporting some of his policies, at the same time do not appear to share the enthusiasm with which his regime is condemned in the West. We posed a number of fundamental questions designed to crystallise out the real truth in the different narratives about Mugabes Zimbabwe: Is Mugabe really a hero who is merely being vilified for embarking on policies that humiliate the West or harm its interests as some Africans believe or merely an opportunist who resorted to rightwing politics to hang on to power, as his predominantly Western critics argue What are the real issues in the Zimbabwean imbroglio Put simply, is Robert Mugabe a villain or is he being unjustly vilifi............
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